The intent of Act 43, the Agricultural Area Security Law, is to conserve, protect, and to encourage the development and improvement of agricultural lands for the production of food and other agricultural products. It is also to conserve and protect agricultural lands as valued natural and ecological resources that provide needed open space for clean air, as well as for aesthetic purposes.
Agriculture is under urban pressure, taking the form of scattered development and bringing conflicting land uses into juxtaposition, creating high costs for public services, and the stimulation of land speculation. When scattered development extends into good farm areas, ordinances inhibiting farming tend to follow, farm taxes rise, and hopes for speculative gains discourage investments in farm improvements. Agricultural lands are in jeopardy of being converted to non-agricultural uses. Certain of these lands constitute unique and irreplaceable land resources of statewide importance. It is the purpose of Act 43 to provide the means by which agricultural lands may be protected and enhanced as a viable segment of the economy, and as an economic and environmental resource of major importance.